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Land Use Ballot Measure Results, Nov. 2016

In one of the biggest land-use elections in recent California history, voters around the state delivered a mixed bag of results.

In historically slow-growth counties such as Ventura, Santa Clara, and Sonoma, growth boundaries won -- most notably in Ventura County, where a renewal of the SOAR growth boundary measure beat a competing initiative placed on the ballot by agricultural landowners.


Meanwhile, an extreme slow-growth measure was defeated in Santa Monica after a white-hot race, two measures to build new stadiums for the San Diego Chargers football team failed (meaning the team might be headed to L.A.), transportation taxes passed in Los Angeles but failed to get two-thirds in San Diego and Ventura counties, and eight Bay Area rent control measures split right down the middle. Rent control measures passed most overwhelmingly in the East Bay cities of Richmond and Oakland. 

Statewide, voters approved Proposition 53, a school funding measure that some critics say will promote sprawl because it unduly favors new construction rather than rehabilitation of existing schools. The passage of Proposition 64 legalizes recreational marijuana and is likely to set off a wave of local regulations to, depending on the jurisdiction, oppose or promote cultivation and retail sales. Finally, projects like High Speed Rail and the proposed Bay-Delta water tunnels survived the threat of Proposition 53, which would have put such big-ticket infrastructure projects to a popular vote. 

Voters in Santa Monica rejected Measure LV, a slow-growth measure that would have put virtually all projects taller than 32 feet to a popular vote. Many in the Los Angeles area saw Measure LV as an affront to planning, as it would have undone the city's Land Use and Circulation Element, which was adopted to much praise in 2010. Likewise, housing advocates in the area decried Measure LV as an extreme symptom of so-called NIMBYism. Meanwhile, a similar measure passed overwhelmingly in Costa Mesa. 
 
Winning measures are in bold. Per the provisions of Proposition 13, measures that called for new taxes required 2/3 approval, so some measured received more than 50 percent of the vote and still failed.
 

STATEWIDE

Proposition 51
Public School Facility Bonds
Authorizes $9 billion in general obligation bonds for new construction and modernization of K-12 public school facilities; charter schools and vocational education facilities; and California Community Colleges facilities. Fiscal Impact: State costs of about $17.6 billion to pay off both the principal ($9 billion) and interest ($8.6 billion) on the bonds. Payments of about $500 million per year for 35 years.

Yes 4,501,142 53.93%
No 3,845,288 46.07%

Proposition 53
Approval Requirement for Revenue Bonds above $2 Billion Initiative
Requires statewide voter approval before any revenue bonds can be issued or sold by the state for certain projects if the bond amount exceeds $2 billion. Fiscal Impact: State and local fiscal effects are unknown and would depend on which projects are affected by the measure and what actions government agencies and voters take in response to the measure’s voting requirement. 

No 4,170,573 51.53%
Yes 3,923,541 48.47%

Proposition 64
Marijuana Legalization Initiative
Legalizes marijuana under state law, for use by adults 21 or older. Imposes state taxes on sales and cultivation. Provides for industry licensing and establishes standards for marijuana products. Allows local regulation and taxation. Fiscal Impact: Additional tax revenues ranging from high hundreds of millions of dollars to over $1 billion annually, mostly dedicated to specific purposes. Reduced criminal justice costs of tens of millions of dollars annually.

Yes 4,793,618 56.09%
No 3,753,364 43.91%

RENT CONTROL & TENANTS RIGHTS
 
City of Alameda Measure L1
Rent Stabilization Ordinance
Shall the voters adopt the City’s March 31, 2016 Rent Stabilization Ordinance, which (a) limits residential rent increases to once annually, (b) requires mediation for all residential rent increases above 5%, including binding decisions on rent increases for most rental units, (c) restricts reasons for evictions, (d) requires landlords to pay relocation fees when terminating certain tenancies, and (e) permits the City Council to amend the ordinance to address changing concerns and conditions?

Yes 72%
No 38%

City of Alameda Measure M1
Shall the City Charter be amended to (a) limit annual residential rent increases for certain units to 65% of the percentage increase in the Consumer Price Index, (b) create an elected Rent Control Board separate from the City with authority to hire staff, impose fees on landlords for program funding and assess penalties, (c) limit the reasons for terminating tenancies and (d) require rental property owners to pay relocation fees to tenants when terminating certain tenancies? 

Yes 34%
No 66%

Burlingame (San Mateo County) Measure R
Burlingame Community Protection Ordinance
The purpose of this Ordinance is to promote neighborhood and community stability, healthy housing, and affordability for renters in the City of Burlingame by controlling excessive rent increases and arbitrary evictions to the greatest extent allowable under California law, while ensuring Landlords a fair and reasonable return on their investment, and guaranteeing fair protections for renters, homeowners, and businesses. Limits rent increases on pre-1995 multifamily buildings to the Consumer Price Index increase (but not less than 1 or more than 4 percent). Establishes just-cause eviction rules for all rental property including single-family homes, condos and multi-family units, whenever constructed.

Yes 33%
No 67%

City of San Mateo Measure Q
Community Preservation and Fair Rent Charter Amendment 
Shall the charter amendment adding Chapter XI to the San Mateo City Charter to enact rent regulations applicable to apartment housing with an initial certificate of occupancy dated before February 1, 1995; and just cause for eviction requirements applicable to apartment housing with an initial certificate of occupancy dated before the date the measure becomes effective; and establishing a Rental Housing Commission to administer and implement these regulations and requirements be adopted?

Yes 39%
No 61%

City of Mountain View Measure W
Rent Stabilization Ordinance
Shall a rent stabilization ordinance be adopted requiring a tenant-landlord dispute resolution program and binding arbitration for rent increase disputes exceeding 5% of base rent per 12-month period and service reductions for most multifamily rental units with a certificate of occupancy before February 1, 1995; prohibiting eviction of tenants without just cause or relocation assistance; prohibiting substantive changes for two years, and requiring a super majority City Council vote for substantive changes thereafter?

Yes 48%
No 52%

City of Mountain View Measure V
Rent Stabilization Ordinance
Shall a Rent Stabilization city charter amendment be adopted enacting rent regulation and prohibiting amendments except by Citywide election, with annual rent increases limited to the Consumer Price Index (minimum 2%, maximum 5%) for most multifamily rental units built before February 1, 1995; prohibiting evictions without just cause for rental units built before this measure becomes effective; creating a Rental Housing Committee authorized to enact regulations, hire staff, expend funds, and charge landlords fees to implement this amendment?

Yes 52%
No 48%

City of Oakland Measure JJ
Just Cause For Eviction and Rent Adjustment Ordinances
Placed on ballot by City Council; would amend Oakland’s Rent Adjustment Program. Shall Oakland’s Just Cause For Eviction and Rent Adjustment Ordinances be amended by: (1) extending just-cause eviction requirements from residential rental units offered for rent on or before October 14, 1980 to those approved for occupancy before December 31, 1995; and (2) requiring landlords to request approval from the City before increasing rents by more than the cost-of-living adjustment allowed by City law?

Yes 74%
No 26%

City of Richmond Measure L
Fair Rent, Just Cause for Eviction, and Homeowner Protection Ordinance
A proposed City of Richmond ordinance to establish rent control, a rent board, and just cause for eviction requirements in the City of Richmond. Voter initiative rolls back rents on pre-1995 multifamily apartments to July 2015 levels and limits future increases to the CPI. Imposes eviction controls on all rental units.

Yes 64%
No 36%

AFFORDABLE HOUSING & HOMELESSNESS
Santa Clara County Measure A
To provide affordable local housing for vulnerable populations including veterans, seniors, the disabled, low and moderate income individuals or families, foster youth, victims of abuse, the homeless and individuals suffering from mental health or substance abuse illnesses, which housing may include supportive mental health and substance abuse services, shall the County of Santa Clara issue up to $950 million in general obligation bonds to acquire or improve real property subject to independent citizen oversight and regular audits?

Yes 67%
No 33%

Alameda County Measure A1
Affordable Housing Bond 
To provide affordable local housing and prevent displacement of vulnerable populations, including low- and moderate-income households, veterans, seniors, and persons with disabilities; provide supportive housing for homeless people countywide; and help low- and middle-income households purchase homes and stay in their communities; shall the County of Alameda issue up to $580 million in general obligation bonds to acquire or improve real property, subject to independent citizen oversight and regular audits? Percentage needed to pass: 66.6667%.

Yes 72%
No 28%

City of Berkeley Measure Z1
Low Income Housing Authorization
Shall any federal, state or local public entity be empowered to develop, construct or acquire an additional 500 units of low-rent housing in the City of Berkeley for persons of low income?

Yes 82%
No 18%

City of Berkeley Measure U1 (City-Sponsored)
Rental Unit Business License Tax

Shall an ordinance permanently increasing the gross receipts tax on owners of fie or more residential units from 1.081% to 2.880%, with certain exceptions, prohibiting landlords from passing the tax on to sitting tenants, and directing the Housing Advisory Commission to make recommendations on funding and programs to increase affordable housing and protect Berkeley residents form homelessness, be adopted? 

Yes 74%
No 26%

City of Berkeley Measure DD
Rental Unit Business License Tax (Voter Initiative)
Shall an ordinance permanently increasing the gross receipts tax on owners of three or more residential rental units from 1.081% to 1.5%, prohibiting landlords from passing the tax on to sitting tenants except as allowed by law, and authorizing the Council to create a citizen panel to make recommendations on increasing affordable housing and protecting residents from homelessness be adopted? 

Yes 30%
No 70%

City of Los Angeles Measure HHH 
Homelessness Reduction and Prevention, Housing, and Facilities Bond
To provide safe, clean affordable housing for the homeless and for those in danger of becoming homeless, such as battered women and their children, veterans, seniors, foster youth, and the disabled; and provide facilities to increase access to mental health care, drug and alcohol treatment, and other services; shall the City of Los Angeles issue $1.2 billion in general obligation bonds, with citizen oversight and annual financial audits?

Yes 76%
No 24%

City of Los Angeles Measure JJJ
Affordable Housing and Labor Standards Related to City Planning ("Build a Better LA”)
Shall an ordinance: 1) requiring that certain residential development projects provide for affordable housing and comply with prevailing wage, local hiring and other labor standards; 2) requiring the City to assess the impacts of community plan changes on affordable housing and local jobs; 3) creating an affordable housing incentive program for developments near major transit stops; and 4) making other changes; be adopted?

Yes 64%
No 36%

City and County of San Francisco Proposition C 
Loans to Finance Acquisition and Rehabilitation of Affordable Housing
Shall the City amend the Charter to increase affordable housing requirements for private developers of new market-rate housing projects of 25 or more units until the Board of Supervisors passes an ordinance changing those requirements and also authorize the Board of Supervisors to change affordable housing requirements by ordinance?

Yes 68%
No 32%

City of San Diego Measure M
Affordable Housing: Increasing the Limit on the Number of Units the City and Certain Public Agencies are Allowed to Help Develop
Shall the voters increase by 38,680 the maximum number of housing units the City and certain other public agencies are allowed to help develop, construct, or acquire for people with low incomes, without this ballot measure approving specific housing units, providing funds for development, removing requirements that otherwise apply, or taking any other action?

Yes 65%
No 35%

City of Santa Monica Measure GSH
To maintain and improve Santa Monica community services including support for preservation of affordable housing, reducing homelessness, school repair and improvement, education of Santa Monica children and students, and other general fund services, shall an ordinance be adopted to increase by one-half percent Santa Monica’s transactions and use tax, subject to independent annual audits, all funds used locally, no money going to Sacramento, raising approximately $16 million annually, until ended by the voters?

Yes 62.83%
No 37.17%

City and County of San Francisco Proposition J
Funding for Homelessness and Transportation
Shall the City amend the Charter to create a Homeless Housing and Services Fund, which would provide services to the homeless including housing and Navigation Centers, programs to prevent homelessness and assistance in transitioning out of homelessness by allocating $50 million per year for 24 years, adjusted annually; and create a Transportation Improvement Fund, which would be used to improve the city’s transportation network by allocating $101.6 million per year for 24 years, adjusted annually? Funded by Proposition K, a 0.75% sales tax increase. 

Yes 66%
No 34%

City and County of San Francisco Proposition P
Competitive Bidding for Affordable Housing Projects on City-Owned Property
Shall the City be prohibited from proceeding with an affordable housing project on City-owned property unless the Mayor’s Office of Housing and Community Development receives at least three proposals; and shall the City incorporate into City law most current criteria for selecting a developer for affordable housing projects on City-owned property?

Yes 33%
No 67%

City and County of San Francisco Proposition U 
Affordable Housing Requirements for Market-Rate Development Projects
Shall the City increase the income eligibility limit for on-site rental units for all new and existing affordable housing units to make them affordable for households earning up to 110% of the area median income?

Yes 36%
No 64%

TRANSPORTATION & INFRASTRUCTURE
 
Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District 1 Measure C1
Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit)
To preserve essential local public transportation services, including those for youth, commuters, seniors, and people with disabilities, while keeping fares reasonable, shall the Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District extend its existing 8 dollars per month parcel tax at current levels for 20 years with no increase in tax rate, raising approximately 30 million dollars annually, with independent oversight and all money spent locally? Percentage needed to pass: 2/3

Yes 82.28%
No 17.72%

Bay Area Rapid Transit District Measure RR (Alameda, Contra Costa, San Francisco Counties)
Bond Measure: Safety, Reliability and Traffic Relief
To keep BART safe; prevent accidents/breakdowns/delays; relieve overcrowding; reduce traffic congestion/pollution; improve earthquake safety and access for seniors/disabled by replacing and upgrading 90 miles of severely worn tracks; tunnels damaged by water intrusion; 44-year-old train control systems; and other deteriorating infrastructure, shall the Bay Area Rapid Transit District issue $3.5 billion of bonds for acquisition or improvement of real property subject to independent oversight and annual audits? Percentage needed to pass: 66.6667%

Yes 70%
No 30%

Contra Costa County Measure X
Transportation Authority
To implement a Transportation Expenditure Plan to continue: Repairing potholes/fixing roads; Improving BART capacity/reliability; Improving Highways 680, 80, 24, and 4; Enhancing bus/transit including for seniors and people with disabilities; Increasing bicycle/pedestrian safety; Improving air quality; Reducing traffic; shall voters adopt the ordinance augmenting the sales tax by ½% raising ninety-seven million dollars for transportation improvements annually for 30 years with independent oversight, audits, and all money benefitting local residents?

Yes 62.72%
No 37.28%

Los Angeles County Measure M
Los Angeles County Traffic Improvement Plan
To improve freeway traffic flow/safety; repair potholes/sidewalks; repave local streets; earthquake-retrofit bridges; synchronize signals; keep senior/disabled/student fares affordable; expand rail/subway/bus systems; improve job/school/airport connections; and create jobs; shall voters authorize a Los Angeles County Traffic Improvement Plan through a ½ ¢ sales tax and continue the existing ½ ¢ traffic relief tax until voters decide to end it, with independent audits/oversight and funds controlled locally?” (See prior CP&DR coverage.)

Yes 70%
No 30%

Placer County Measure M
Shall Placer County reconfigure the 80/65 Interchange to relieve congestion; better maintain roads countywide; provide dedicated funding for rural road pothole repair; widen roadways/expand transit; expand Highway 65 in each direction; provide safe routes to school; add seniors/disabled persons transit; widen Baseline Road and build Placer Parkway creating I-80 alternatives, by establishing a one-half cent sales tax, limited to 30 years, raising $53 million annually, with independent audits, citizens' oversight, and increasing eligibility for state/federal matching?


Yes 64%
No 36%

Sacramento County Measure B
The Road Maintenance & Traffic Relief Act
To: Fill potholes and repave streets; Repair deteriorating bridges; Relieve traffic on roads and freeways; Build a new expressway between Elk Grove, Rancho Cordova and Folsom; Extend Light Rail toward the Airport and Elk Grove; Support Light Rail and bus operations, maintenance, and security; and Improve bicycle and pedestrian safety; Shall the ordinance enacting a 30-year countywide one half cent sales tax, raising approximately $100 million annually, with independent oversight and audits, be adopted?

Yes 65%
No 35%

San Diego County Measure A
Road Repair, Transit, Traffic Relief, Safety and Water Quality Measure
An ordinance be adopted to: repair roads, deteriorating bridges; relieve congestion; provide every community funds for pothole/street repairs; expand public transit, including improved services for seniors, disabled, students, veterans; reduce polluted runoff; preserve open space to protect water quality/reduce wildfires by enacting, with independent oversight/audits, a 40-year, half-cent local sales tax ($308 million annually) that Sacramento cannot take away.

Yes 57%
No 43%

San Luis Obispo County Measure J
Transportation
To improve our region's transportation system by: Fixing potholes, repaving local streets, relieving traffic congestion; Improving street, highway and bridge safety; Making bike and transit improvements within and between communities; Increasing senior, veterans, disabled and student transit; and Providing safe routes to school. Shall San Luis Obispo County voters enact a half cent transportation sales tax, providing $25,000,000 annually for nine (9) years, requiring independent citizens' oversight, where all funds stay local and cannot be taken by the State?

Yes 65%
No 35%
San Mateo County Measure K
Extension of Measure A, approved by voters in 2012) half-cent sales tax that has generated approximately $80 million annually.

Yes 70%
No 30% 

Santa Clara County Measure B
Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority 
To relieve traffic, repair potholes; shall VTA enact a 30-year half-cent sales tax to: Repair streets, fix potholes in all 15 cities; Finish BART extension to downtown San Jose, Santa Clara; Improve bicycle/pedestrian safety, especially near schools; Increase Caltrain capacity, easing highway congestion, improving safety at crossings; Relieve traffic on all 9 expressways, key highway interchanges; Enhance transit for seniors, students, disabled; Mandating annual audits by independent citizens watchdog committee to ensure accountability. Two-thirds approval needed. 

Yes 71%
No 29%

City of Berkeley Bond Measure T1
Shall the City of Berkeley issue general obligation bonds not exceeding $100,000,000 to repair, renovate, replace, or reconstruct the City’s aging infrastructure and facilities, including sidewalks, storm drains, parks, streets, senior and recreation centers, and other important City facilities and buildings? Financial Implications: The average annual cost over the 40-year period the bonds are outstanding would be approximately $21, $90, and $128, respectively, for homes with assessed valuations of $100,000, $425,000 and $600,000. Two-thirds approval needed. 

Yes 86%
No 24%

City of Oakland Measure KK
Investing in Oakland’s Infrastructure and Affordable Housing
To improve public safety and invest in neighborhoods throughout Oakland by re-paving streets to remove potholes, rebuilding cracked and deteriorating sidewalks, funding bicycle and pedestrian safety improvements, funding affordable housing for Oaklanders, and providing funds for facility improvements, such as, neighborhood recreation centers, playgrounds, and libraries, shall the City of Oakland issue $600 million in bonds, subject to independent citizen oversight and regular audits?

Yes 82%
No 18%

Santa Cruz County Measure D 
Safety, Pothole Repair, Traffic Relief, Transit Improvement Measure.
In order to: improve children’s safety around schools; repair potholes; repave streets; improve traffic flow on Highway 1; maintain senior/disabled transit; reduce global warming pollution by providing transportation options like sidewalks, buses, bike lanes, trails; preserve rail options; shall Santa Cruz County voters adopt an ordinance establishing a half-cent sales tax for 30 years, raising approximately $17 million annually, requiring citizen oversight, independent audits, and funds spent locally?

Yes 67%
No 33%

GENERAL PLANS & URBAN GROWTH 

Sonoma County Measure K
Community Separators Protection Ordinance
In order to preserve rural open space and agricultural land, maintain community identities, and prevent sprawl, shall the “Community Separators Protection Ordinance” be adopted to amend the Sonoma County General Plan to require voter approval of changes to the General Plan that increase the allowed density or intensity of development within Community Separators until December 31, 2036?


Yes 81%
No 19%

City of Encinitas Measure T
"At Home in Encinitas" Plan

Shall City Council Resolution No. 2016-52 and Ordinance No. 2016-04, which collectively update the City's General Plan Housing Element, amend related General Plan provisions, and amend Specific Plans, Zoning Code, Zoning Map, Municipal Code, and Local Coastal Program, in an effort to comply with State law, incentivize greater housing affordability, implement rules to protect the character of existing neighborhoods, maintain local control of Encinitas zoning, and resolve existing lawsuits, be adopted?

Yes 44%
No 56%


City of Cotati Measure Q
Renew Urban Growth Boundary
Shall an ordinance amending the General Plan of the City of Cotati to extend the current Urban Growth Boundary for an additional 30 years be adopted? 

Yes 69%
No 31%

City of Costa Mesa Measure Y
Shall the ordinance to require voter approval of development projects that require adoption, amendment, change or replacement of the General Plan, the Zoning Code, a specific plan, or an overlay plan, and that generates over 200 additional trips, increases intersection volume/capacity, changes the intersection utilization/level of service, adds 40 or more dwelling units, adds 10,000 sq.’ of non-residential use, or changes a public use to a private use under specified conditions, be adopted?

Yes 68%
No 32%

City of Costa Mesa Measure Z
Sensible Community Development and Development-Funded Open Space and Recreation
Shall the Costa Mesa Measure for Sensible Community Development and Development-Funded Open Space and Recreation, which ratifies the City's existing land use regulations, ensures that approximately 25% of the State Developmental Hospital on Harbor Boulevard would be zoned as passive or recreational open space, and establishes a fee paid for by developers for the purpose of funding new active recreation, open space, and public park facilities within the City, be adopted?
Yes 55%
No 45%

City of Del Mar Measure R
Voter Approval of Commercial Development Initiative
Shall the ordinance which proposes to amend the Del Mar Community Plan, Housing Element, and Municipal Code to require voter approval for certain development projects be adopted?

Yes 52%
No 48%

City of Gilroy Measure H
Urban Growth Boundary
Shall an ordinance be adopted to amend the Gilroy General Plan to add an Urban Growth Boundary line (UGB) to the General Plan Land Use Plan Map, designate lands outside the UGB as Open Space and prohibit urban development on such lands, and provide that (with limited exceptions) such restrictions may not be amended or repealed until December 31, 2040 without a vote of the people?”

Yes 66%
No 34%

City of Milpitas Measure I
Urban Growth Boundary
Shall an ordinance that amends the Milpitas General Plan Land Use Element to extend until December 31, 2038 an Urban Growth Boundary near the base of the Milpitas foothills, that would limit development within Milpitas to the valley floor and the base of the foothills by prohibiting Milpitas from providing city services to new land use developments in the hillside area, be adopted?

Yes 73%
No 27%

City of Milpitas Measure J
Hillside Combining District
Shall an ordinance, requiring until December 31, 2038, any amendments to the existing “Hillside Combining District” Ordinance and any amendments to the general plan land use designation for lands currently designated as “Hillside” property be approved by the voters before becoming effective, be adopted?

Yes 79.32%
No 20.68%

City of Milpitas Measure K
General Plan
Shall an ordinance amending the City of Milpitas General Plan be adopted to mandate that any attempt to rezone parks, parklands or open space to residential, commercial or industrial, or any proposal for residential, commercial or industrial development in parks, parkland or open space, must be placed before Milpitas voters and secure two-thirds support in the City’s next general election? 

Yes 84.71%
No 15.29%

City of Morgan Hill Measure S
Shall a measure be adopted to amend the Morgan Hill General Plan and Municipal Code to update the City’s voter-approved Residential Development Control System (RDCS) to extend it to 2035, establish a population ceiling of 58,200, with a slower rate of growth than currently exists, and improve policies to maintain neighborhood character, encourage more efficient land use, conserve water, and preserve open space?

Yes 78%
No 22%

City of Santa Monica Measure LV
Shall the City’s General Plan and Municipal Code be amended to require: a new permit process for major development projects exceeding base sizes or heights of 32-36 feet, with exceptions such as single unit dwellings and some affordable housing projects; voter approval of major development projects and development agreements, excluding affordable housing and moderate income and senior housing projects, among others; and voter approval of changes to City land use and planning policy documents?

Yes 44%
No 56%


PARKS, RECREATION, OPEN SPACE

County of Los Angeles Measure A
Safe, Clean Neighborhood Parks, Open Space, Beaches, Rivers Protection, and Water Conservation Measure
To replace expiring local funding for safe, clean neighborhood/ city/ county parks; increase safe playgrounds, reduce gang activity; keep neighborhood recreation/ senior centers, drinking water safe; protect beaches, rivers, water resources, remaining natural areas/ open space; shall 1.5 cents be levied annually per square foot of improved property in Los Angeles County, with bond authority, requiring citizen oversight, independent audits, and funds used locally?

Yes 73%
No 27%

County of Napa Measure Z
Water, Parks and Open Space, Restoration and Preservation Measure
To protect drinking water by preserving and restoring watersheds, rivers, creeks; protect natural open spaces and wildlife habitat; reduce wildfire risk; and maintain parks and trails; shall Napa County enact a 1/4 percent sales tax for the Napa County Regional Park and Open Space District raising an estimated eight million dollars annually for fourteen years with citizen oversight, annual audits, and funds that cannot be taken by the State?


Yes 62%
No 48%

County of Ventura Measure C
Shall the current ordinance requiring a vote of the people for changes to Open Space, Agricultural and Rural General Plan land use designations, goals and policies in the unincorporated area of the County be extended from 2020 through 2050, with specified modifications, such as permitting changes without a vote to allow for up to 12 acres of land to be used for food processing?

Yes 59%
No 41%

County of Ventura Measure F
Shall the current ordinance requiring a vote of the people for changes to Open Space, Agricultural and Rural General Plan land use designations, goals and policies in the unincorporated area of the County be extended from 2020 through 2036, with specified modifications, such as permitting changes without a vote to allow for redesignation of land adjacent to certain school sites and up to 225 acres of land to be used for food processing?
Yes 46%
No 54%

SOAR-Related municipal measures, some of which concern urban growth boundaries are on ballots in the following cities: 

City of Fillmore Measure A
CURB Extension Until 2050
Shall the ordinance initiated by residents extending the expiration date of the City Urban Restriction Boundary line from December 31, 2020 to December 31, 2050, removes the exemption for schools and government facilities such that they must be built within the CURB, and requires an election to develop 20 acres of land beyond the CURB and the land must be fallow of agricultural use for 4 years be approved?

Yes 57%
No 43% 

City of Moorpark Measure E
Moorpark Save Open-space and Agricultural Resources – 2050 Initiative
Shall the Ordinance entitled “Moorpark Save Open-space and Agricultural Resources – 2050 initiative” (“Moorpark SOAR – 2050”) be adopted to extend with certain amendments the provisions of the 1999 voter-approved Moorpark SOAR from December 31, 2020 to December 31, 2050 and continue to prohibit the City of Moorpark from permitting urban services or urbanized uses of land outside the current Moorpark City Urban Restriction Boundary (CURB) with certain exceptions during that extended period?

Yes 73%
No 27%

City of Camarillo Measure J
Shall an ordinance be adopted approving an initiative ordinance amending Chapter 3.0 of the Camarillo General Plan to add development restrictions within an area designated the Conejo Creek Voter Participation Area and to amend and extend the life of the development restrictions outside the Camarillo Urban Restriction Boundary (CURB)?

Yes 73%
No 27%

City of Oxnard 
Measure K
Shall the Save Open Space and Agricultural Resources (SOAR) Ordinance be extended, maintaining a City Urban Restriction Boundary (CURB); prohibiting urban development outside of the CURB until December 31, 2030, unless approved by the voters; maintaining a City Buffer Boundary (CBB); and prohibiting changing the designation of land within the CBB that is designated ‘Agriculture’ in the Oxnard 2030 General Plan, unless approved by the voters?
Yes 70%
No 30%

City of Oxnard 
Measure L
Shall the Save Open Space and Agricultural Resources (SOAR) Ordinance be extended, maintaining a City Urban Restriction Boundary (CURB); prohibiting urban development outside of the CURB until December 31, 2050, unless
approved by the voters; maintaining a City Buffer Boundary (CBB); and prohibiting changing the designation of land within the CBB that is designated ‘Agriculture’ in the Oxnard 2030 General Plan, unless approved by the voters?

Yes 75%
No 25%

City of San Buenaventura 
Measure P
Shall the initiative ordinance extending open-space, agriculture, and hillside land use changes by voter approval to 2050 be approved?

Yes 72%
No 28%

City of Santa Paula 
Measure U
CURB and 81-Acre Initiative Extension Until 2050
Shall an ordinance initiated by residents that expands the City Urban Restriction Boundary to include 53.75 acres in the southwest portion of the City, extends the expiration of the City Urban Restriction Boundary from 2020 to December 31, 2050, extends the expiration of the 81-Acre Initiative from 2025 to December 31, 2050, and makes other minor textual revisions to the CURB be adopted?

Yes 55%
No 45%

City of Thousand Oaks Measure W
Shall the ordinance extending the City Urban Restriction Boundary Ordinance, and extending the ordinance requiring voter approval of any General Plan designation change from the Existing Parks, Golf Courses, and Open Space category, from December 31, 2030 to December 31, 2050 be adopted?

Yes 76%
No 24%


City of Santa Clara Measure R
Protection of Parkland and Open Space
Shall Section 714.1 of the Santa Clara City Charter be added to provide that no City owned land used for park or recreational purposes, including the Ulistac Natural Area and the Santa Clara Soccer Park, shall be sold or disposed of by the City without being authorized by a two-thirds (2/3) majority vote and that development upon such property shall be subject to referendum?

Yes 89.59%
No 10.41%

City of San Diego Measure J
Lease Revenue from Mission Bay Park
Shall Charter section 55.2 be amended to: increase, from 25% to 35%, the allocation of annual Mission Bay Park lease revenues exceeding $20 million, for capital improvements in San Diego Regional Parks; allow Council to add City-owned parkland to Mission Bay Park’s boundaries; combine and coordinate construction of Mission Bay Park improvements identified in this section; and extend operation of this section until 2069?

Yes 71.8%
No 28.2%

Santa Monica Mountains Recreation and Conservation Authority (Los Angeles County)
Area 1 Measure GG; Area 2 Measure FF
To maintain and conserve local open space, wildlife corridors, and parklands; acquire and protect additional lands from development; improve fire prevention including high fire alert patrols and brush clearing; protect water quality in local creeks; and increase park ranger safety patrols; shall Mountains Recreation and Conservation Authority implement a $35 special tax for ten years only, providing $995,000 annually with all funds spent locally in the Santa Monica Mountains and Hollywood Hills east of 405 freeway, and requiring independent citizen oversight audits? To maintain and conserve local open space, wildlife corridors, and parklands; acquire and protect additional lands from development; improve fire prevention including high fire alert patrols and brush clearing; protect water quality in local creeks; and increase park ranger safety patrols; shall Mountains Recreation and Conservation Authority implement a $15 special tax for ten years only, providing $241,000 annually with all funds spent locally in the hillside communities of Woodland Hills, Encino, and Tarzana, and requiring independent citizen oversight audits?

Area 1 GG: 
Yes 83.41%
No 16.59%

Area 2 FF: 
Yes 76.62%
No 23.38%

SPECIFIC PLANS & PROJECT-SPECIFIC MEASURES

San Diego County Measure B
Lilac Hills Specific Plan
Shall this Initiative be adopted for the purpose of amending the County General Plan, Zoning Ordinance and Code of Regulatory Ordinances and approving the Lilac Hills Ranch Specific Plan (“Plan”)? The Plan provides for the development of a 608-acre master-planned community including 1,746 dwelling units, three commercial centers, a public park, 10 private parks and 16 miles of trails. The project site is generally located north of Escondido and east of I-15 in the unincorporated area of North San Diego County.

Yes 36%
No 64%

City of Beverly Hills Measure HH
Hilton Condominium Tower Initiative
Shall an ordinance be adopted allowing a 26 story (345 feet) residential building instead of two residential buildings of 8 stories (101 feet) and 18 stories (218 feet); increasing open space from approximately 1.25 acres to 1.7 acres for use as a private garden that is generally open to the public subject to reasonable restrictions determined by the property owner; prohibiting any discretionary architectural review; and reducing graywater use requirements?

Yes 45%
No 55%

City of Cupertino Measure C
Shall an initiative ordinance be adopted amending Cupertino’s General Plan to limit redevelopment of the Vallco Shopping District, limit building heights along major mixed-use corridors, increase to 45 feet the maximum building height in the Neighborhoods, limit lot coverages for large projects, establish new setbacks and building planes on major thoroughfares, and require voter approval for any changes to these provisions?

Yes 40%
No 60%

City of Cupertino Measure D
Vallco Town Center Specific Plan
Shall an initiative be adopted enacting the Vallco Town Center Specific Plan for the 58-acre Vallco Shopping District Special Area requiring residential (approximately 389-800 units, including approximately 20% senior housing), office (2,000,000 sf), commercial (640,000 sf), hotel, park, civic/educational uses; requiring funding/community benefits for transportation (approximately $30,000,000), schools (approximately $40,000,000), green roof (approximately 30 acres), recycled water; granting initial entitlements; establishing development standards and limited future approval process; and making related Cupertino General Plan and Municipal Code amendments?

Yes 45%
No 55%

City of Cypress Measure GG
Shall an ordinance that approves the “Cypress Town Center and Commons Specific Plan” to allow for development of a town center, single-family and multi-family housing, commercial/senior housing and a public park on portions of Los Alamitos Race Course, the former Cypress Golf Club and adjacent properties, together with related general plan and specific plan amendments and zone changes, be adopted?

Yes 49%
No 51%

City of Livermore Measure FF
Springtown Golf Course Open Space Ballot Initiative
Shall the ordinance affirming and readopting the open space designation “OSP Parks, Trail Ways, Recreation Corridors and Protected Areas” in Land Use Element for the 2003-2025 City of Livermore General Plan for the Springtown Golf Course, except for the Springtown Library and the Springtown Association parcel, be adopted?

Yes 81.4%
No 18.6%

City of San Diego Measure C
Downtown Stadium Initiative
Should the measure be adopted to: increase San Diego’s hotel occupancy tax by 6% to build a City-owned downtown professional football stadium and convention center project, and fund tourism marketing; effect the project financing, design, construction, use, management, and maintenance, including a $650,000,000 contribution and 30-year commitment by a professional football entity; end Tourism Marketing District assessments; adopt a development ordinance, and related land use, sign, and zoning laws?

Yes 43%
No 57%

City of San Diego Measure D
Tax and Facilities Initiative (“The Citizens Plan”)
Should the measure be adopted to: among other provisions, increase San Diego’s hotel occupancy tax up to 5%; end Tourism Marketing District; allow hoteliers to create assessment districts and use hotel occupancy taxes for a downtown convention center and not a stadium; prohibit onsite expansion of existing convention center; create downtown overlay zone for convention and sports facilities; create environmental processes; and allow Qualcomm stadium property’s sale for educational and park uses?

Yes 40%
No 60%

City and County of San Francisco Proposition O
Office Development in Candlestick Point and Hunters Point
Shall the City permanently exempt new office space on Candlestick Point and most of the former Navy shipyard at Hunters Point from the City’s annual 950,000-square-foot limit, and provide that any new office space in this project area would not count toward the annual limit that applies in the rest of the City?

Yes 52%
No 48%

MISCELLANEOUS

City of Albany Measure N1
Changes to Section 20.28.040 of the Albany Municipal Code "Measure D" - Parking Requirements
Shall an ordinance authorizing the Albany City Council to amend the residential parking requirements established by Measure D (enacted by the Albany voters in 1978), after following the normal procedures for amending City Zoning Ordinances, be adopted?

Yes 65.15%
No 34.85%

City and County of San Francisco Proposition E 
Responsibility for Maintaining Street Trees and Surrounding Sidewalks
Shall the City amend the Charter to transfer responsibility from property owners to the City for maintaining trees on sidewalks around their property as well as sidewalks damaged by the trees, and pay for this by setting aside $19 million per year from its General Fund, adjusted annually based on City revenues?

Yes 79%
No 21% 

City and County of San Francisco Proposition M
Housing and Development Commission
Shall the City amend the Charter to create the Housing and Development Commission to oversee two new departments (the Department of Economic and Workforce Development and the Department of Housing and Community Development) that would take over the duties of the Office of Economic and Workforce Development and the Mayor’s Office of Housing and Community Development, which would cease to exist?

Yes 44%
No 56%

City and County of San Francisco Proposition X
Preserving Space for Neighborhood Arts, Small Businesses and Community Services in Certain Neighborhoods
Shall the City require developers of projects in parts of the Mission and South of Market neighborhoods to build replacement space if they remove production, distribution and repair uses of 5,000 square feet or more, institutional community uses of 2,500 square feet or more, or arts activities uses of any size, and to obtain a conditional use authorization before changing the property’s use?

Yes 60%
No 40%

Monterey County Measure Z
Oil And Gas Drilling Operations Initiative
Shall an initiative amending the Monterey County General Plan, Local Coastal Program, and Fort Ord Master Plan to: (1) prohibit the use of land within the County’s unincorporated (non-city) areas for hydraulic fracturing treatments (“fracking”), acid well stimulation treatments, and other well stimulation treatments; (2) prohibit new and phase out existing land uses that utilize oil and gas wastewater injection and impoundment; and, (3) prohibit the drilling of new oil and gas wells in the County’s unincorporated areas be adopted?

Yes 56%
No 44%

City Of Soledad Measure F
Transient Occupancy Tax
Shall Section 3.16.020 of Chapter 3.16 of the Soledad Municipal Code be amended to increase the existing transient occupancy tax, charged only to occupants of City hotels, from nine percent (9%) to twelve percent (12%), increasing the tax collected by an estimated $20,000 for a new estimated annual total of $100,000, with no termination date, to continue to provide funding for essential services such as police, fire, street repair, park maintenance and community programs?

Yes 60.3%
No 39.7%

Auburn Measure J
Hotel Tax Increase
Shall an ordinance be adopted to amend the Auburn Municipal Code to amend the definition of "operator", so the tax is collected by all persons receiving consideration from the rental, including on-line hotel brokers and vacation rental agencies and shall the rate of the TOT be increased to 10%?

Yes 56%
No 44%
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