The validity of a growth-control initiative in Alameda County has been upheld by a trial court. Superior Court Judge James Richardson in October issued final orders in a case filed by homebuilders over Measure D, which voters approved in November 2000 (see CP&DR, December 2000). The ruling sets up an appeal by developers at the First District Court of Appeal. Builders contend that the initiative was unconstitutional, violated the single-subject requirement and prevented the county from meeting its fair-share housing obligation. Richardson rejected all of those arguments. Measure D drew tight urban growth boundaries around cities and unincorporated communities in central and eastern Alameda County. For the most part, the measure put the county out of the development business.